Journey Through The Scriptures

Places in the Heart

Lesson 3: David's Conquest of Jerusalem

(Scripture to Read: David's Conquest of Jerusalem 2 Samuel 5:1–10; Psalm 48:1–3)

Jerusalem! The very mention of the holy city brings a flood of emotions to the hearts of Jews everywhere. Jerusalem is pronounced Yeru-shalom in Hebrew, and means "founded on peace."

Jerusalem is the true city of peace, and will be so yet again. It has been Israel's capital since David conquered it in 996 BCE – over 3,000 years ago! Jerusalem is also special to the heart of God. It is the city the Bible calls "the joy of the whole earth" in Psalm 48:2, and which God said He has set "in the center of the nations" (Ezekiel 5:5).

The account of David's conquest of Jerusalem reveals that the city was originally a stronghold of the Jebusites, a people who were among the families of Canaan (Genesis 10:16).

The Jebusites' hostility to Israel is obvious from their taunting of David when he came to the city. He faced a real challenge, for Jerusalem has been in Jebusite hands since the days of Joshua (Joshua 15:63). But God enabled David to capture the city and place his throne there.

Study Questions

  1. What are some ways we can help the people of Jerusalem share in the blessing that their city represents to all people on earth?
  2. When the Jebusites taunted David and made fun of his strength (2 Samuel 5:6), who were they really insulting?
  3. The name "Lord God Almighty" (v.10) describes God as the Lord "of hosts" or "of armies." Explain how this name is especially appropriate in this setting.
  4. How is this description of God as Israel's defender enhanced by Psalm 48:3?

Something to Think About

David's situation so long ago may seem far removed from ours today. But the God of David is the same today, and He still stands guard over His people.

You can thank the Lord today for His protection over you – and for His watchful eye on Israel. As the Bible says: "He who watches over Israel will neither slumber nor sleep" (Psalm 121:4).